Giuseppe Verdi (1813 – 1901)
Opera in four acts
Sung in Italian, with German surtitles
Libretto: Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play »El trovador« (1836) by Antonio García Gutiérrez
Premiere: 1853 in Rome
"Mother, you are avenged!" The last words of the gypsy Azucena encompass the driving force behind Verdi's "Il Trovatore". The plot resembles a nightmare in which the dead of the past dominate the presence of the living. Thus, Azucena's revenge for her mother's death at the hands of Count Luna determines the fate of all the other characters. She drives a wedge between the brothers Manrico and Luna, and suffocates any possibility of love between Leonora and Manrico. Verdi's operatic masterpiece is staged by Philipp M. Krenn, whoses "Peter Grimes" received great praise from press and audiences alike. Alexander Joel conducts the Hessian State Orchestra.